It probably demonstrates my ignorance, but when I think of African bridles I tend to picture rather severe-looking ring bits.
So the metal nosebands sometimes used by the Dogon people were a pleasant discovery.
They are used as a hackamore or bitless bridle.
I picked this one up at auction recently :
The images below come from Debbie Logan’s wonderfulMali Ride Blog. Sadly due to security concerns I don’t think any rides are running at the moment, however there is an online shop : African Desert Crafts
The T-shaped piece sits on the horse’s nose and the lobed loop under the chin
My example is made of hand forged steel with brass or bronze decorative elements.
It came from a collection and has a label which reads “Mali XIX”, presumably meaning Mali 19th century.